The Citizens Handbook
You can help stop the spread of COVID-19


Do not rely solely on government
Governments are poorly equipped to deal with emergencies. Bureaucrats are typically timid, slow-moving, rule-bound, afraid of making mistakes, and weak at elementary problem-solving. Politicians must consider the interests of a large number of stakeholders. Closures are highly effective in controlling the pandemic, but small business typically opposes closures, thus strong measures become weak through rounds of dithering. If governments were up to the task of controlling the pandemic, it would not be spreading out of control in so many places. Here's what you can do to help stop the spread of COVID-19.

Fix your mask
One of the first lines of defence against the spread is a mask, but most do not perform well. The virus can get through sieve-like fabric masks. N-95 and surgical masks offer an effective barrier, but leak around the edges. Bend the metal band so that fits around the nose, and glue on an additional band if necessary. Tie the ear loops at the mask to eliminate puckers and leaks. Shops, schools, and workplaces should post people at the entrance to turn away those wearing single-layer, sieve-like fabric masks, and leaky surgical masks. Workers in long term care facilities need to be especially careful because heavier-than-air micro droplets from leaky masks will fall on patients who are almost always close and below the care worker.

Avoid populated interior spaces
Unless absolutely necessary, avoid places full of people: bars, restaurants, shops, schools, workplaces, gyms. If you have to shop for food go early in the morning or late at night. Research has proven the virus is airborne, which means it can float in the air like cigarette smoke and hang around for hours. Poorly ventilated interiors can harbour a toxic bath if one infected person contaminates the interior atmosphere.

Outdoors, stay at least 12 feet from everyone and avoid puffers
Research shows that 6 foot distancing is helpful but inadequate. It is based on a study carried out in 1934. Airborne virus can travel much greater distances, while puffing joggers and other heavy breathers can spread plumes of virus if infected.

Taste and smell test friends, relatives, employees
One of the simplest screens for asymptomatic COVID-19 is the sniff test. Employers can introduce a daily ethanol sniff test when people come to work. Anyone can carry out a simple DIY test with a small bottle of unflavored vodka diluted to 25% alcohol. Experts at the University of Pennsylvania are recommending self-administered daily sniff tests as a screening system to control the pandemic.

Increase nasal nitric oxide by humming
Numerous studies have demonstrated that nitric oxide prevents the COVID-19 virus from replicating. This has led to the introduction of machines and nasal sprays to introduce nitric oxide to the body. But the body produces its own nitric oxide. And it has been shown that humming can dramatically increase the amount of nitric oxide in nasal passages. Humming? Really? Seems hard to believe. But before dismissing it out of hand, consider the evidence. Look at the links to scientific articles below this video by a doctor in Hawaii.

increase your intake of vitamin D supplements
Again, a great deal of research has shown the importance of vitamin D to the immune system. Population health studies have shown that COVID-19 spreads faster and is more deadly where there is less sunshine, and more often affects the elderly who are far less able to generate vitamin D from sunshine. This video covers a lot of the research on vitamin D. The conclusion is that everyone should take between 2000 IU and 4000 IU of vitamin D supplements per day – much more than the usual recommendation of 1000 IU per day.

Quarantine the healthy and vulnerable
Quarantine is normally used to isolate the infected. But once a pandemic begins to rage, the safest measure for the elderly and the most vulnerable is to quarantine the healthy. Elder-care facilities that have imposed strict quarantines on themselves have managed to prevent the outbreaks and deaths that are so common in care facilities. People with parents or grandparents in care facilities should consider moving them into their own homes, where they can be separated from those who may be infected.

Pay attention to medical communications
Pay attention to the latest research on sites like MedicalXpress. Up-to-date information is too important to leave to cautious public health officials and overworked, ill-informed reporters.


See also the evidence-based Better ways to control the pandemic
And see: Citizens needed in disasters


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The Citizen's Handbook / Charles Dobson / citizenshandbook.org

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